11 Jul MONUMENT OF THE MARTYRS
DEATH, HONOR AND FREEDOM
You have to know that after the cry of absolute independence of Cartagena de Indias, on November 11, 1811; there was an attempt by Spain to retake the city in 1815 led by the Spanish Pablo Morillo. Gone was that cry of independence against Spain, after having undertaken a revolutionary struggle, the joy was over.
Morillo arrives at Cartagena land, finding a city protected with a great wall and defended with soul, life and heart by those who were not willing to be subjugated again, heroically for 107 days they resisted, at the end of that time they surrendered, but not because of the strength of Morillo’s troops, their hunger and misery was what made them bow down.
This is how Pablo Morillo, known as the peacemaker, takes Cartagena. The Spanish reconquest of New Granada was oriented to punish heavily the caudillos of the Creole movement that led the independence. They were shot José María García de Toledo, Manuel del Catsillo and Rada, Antonio José de Hayos, Miguel Díaz Granado, Manuel Angulano, Martín Amador, José María Portocarrero, Manuel Rodríguez Torices and Santiago Stuart illustrious heroes who were part of the independence struggle.
When commemorating a century of the atrocious execution of these heroes, the municipal council as tribute of gratitude, raises a monument in their honor, located in the Camellón de los Mártires, in front of the clock tower. From these facts and from the resistance of the people, Cartagena adopted the pseudonym of «heroic city».